The Most Common Methods of Preserving Food

February 10, 2017 | By admin | Filed in: My blog.

Food preservation has been in existence since time immemorial. People have discovered a myriad of ways of food preservation over the years. The modern technology has seen improvement of some of these methods to make them more effective. Adoption of preservation approach depends on the type of food and estimated duration. The cost of approaches varies and the equipment needed may differ from one method to the next. The following are the most common ways of food preservation.

Drying

This approach is among the least labor-intensive and easiest to preserve food. Mildew, Bacteria, and mold survive best in a moist environment. Drying removes all water from your food and makes it last for a longer period. A food dehydrator is the most efficient appliance to use for fast drying. You can also use low-temperature ovens although they can take long to achieve the results you desire.

Canning

This method is among the oldest forms of preserving food. You should partially cook the food and then store it in an airtight container. The process involves several steps which include preparing the food and additives, sterilization of the jars, filling and processing and finally storing the jars in a cool and dry place. The initial cost of acquiring the storing jars can be high, but you can reuse them over and over again.

Refrigeration

It is the most common method of preserving foods in the modern world. This approach comes at a cost because of its high energy consumption. The choice of a refrigerator depends on the budget, types of foods and the kitchen design. The number of family members will also determine the size of this useful appliance.

Vacuum Packing

This method requires a vacuum sealer to remove air before food storage. You can combine this approach with a refrigerator to make the foods last for longer. At perfectlysealed.com, you can get great reviews and guidance on the use of a vacuum sealer.

Fermenting

This approach compares to canning although it fails to seal up the food. This method uses acidic brine and allows entry of some beneficial bacteria. This acid leads to controlled fermentation using anaerobic bacteria while at the same time killing harmful microorganisms such as mold. This method comes with important benefits such as deepening the food’s flavor.

One can decide to use one or combine several methods of food preservation. The choice of the approach will also depend on budget and the environment.


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